Clomid is an oral medication that can be used to stimulate ovulation in women who want to become pregnant. Clomid works by blocking estrogen receptors at the hypothalamus, which is an important pregnancy hormonal control center for the body. When estrogen is blocked, the hypothalamus is stimulated to release follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), and luteinizing hormone (LH).
Women with estrogen problems. In women with low estrogen levels, clomid causes beneficial estrogen production. In women with high estrogen levels, clomid causes anti-estrogen effect.
In small doses, Clomid increases secretion of gonadotropins (prolactin, Follicle stimulating hormone, FSH and interstitial cell-stimulating hormone), which can then stimulate ovulation. In large doses, Clomid slows secretion of gonadotropins, leading to a better pregnancy situation for some women.
It is recommended to start with 50mg of Clomid once a day at bedtime, starting from the fifth day of your menstrual cycle. In case of no ovulation effect (ovulation does not occur within 30 days) increase the dose to 150 mg/day. However, if your doctor prescribes differently, follow their direction. Always take exactly as prescribed and do not take the medication in larger quantities than prescribed.
Clomid may cause vision problems, dizziness, or lightheadedness. Together with allergy symptoms such as swelling of lips, tongue, or face or hives in some patients may appear the following conditions: ovarian enlargement presenting as abdominal or pelvic pain, flushing, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea, blurred vision, headache, abnormal uterine bleeding.
Hypersensitivity, liver or kidney failure, metrorrhagia of unknown etiology, ovarian cysts, neoplasms of genital organs, tumor or hypofunction of the hypophysis, endometriosis, ovarian failure together with hyperprolactinemia.
Tell your healthcare provider about all medications and other herbal products you are taking. Medications known to interact with Clomid are the following: